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/**
 * @file decode.c
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 *
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 * @author Mathis Rosenhauer, Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum
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 * @author Moritz Hanke, Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum
 * @author Joerg Behrens, Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum
 * @author Luis Kornblueh, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie
 *
 * @section LICENSE
 * Copyright 2012
 *
 * Mathis Rosenhauer,                 Luis Kornblueh
 * Moritz Hanke,
 * Joerg Behrens
 *
 * Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum GmbH  Max-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie
 * Bundesstr. 45a                     Bundesstr. 53
 * 20146 Hamburg                      20146 Hamburg
 * Germany                            Germany
 *
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *    copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *    disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *    with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
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 * @section DESCRIPTION
 *
 * Adaptive Entropy Decoder
 * Based on CCSDS documents 121.0-B-2 and 120.0-G-2
 *
 */
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#include <config.h>

#if HAVE_STDINT_H
# include <stdint.h>
#endif

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

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#include "libaec.h"
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#include "decode.h"
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#define ROS 5

#define BUFFERSPACE(strm) (strm->avail_in >= strm->state->in_blklen     \
                           && strm->avail_out >= strm->state->out_blklen)

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#define FLUSH(KIND)                                                     \
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    static void flush_##KIND(struct aec_stream *strm)                   \
    {                                                                   \
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        uint32_t *bp, *flush_end;                                       \
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        int64_t d, m;                                                   \
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        int64_t data, med, half_d, xmin, xmax;                          \
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        struct internal_state *state = strm->state;                     \
                                                                        \
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        flush_end = state->rsip;                                        \
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        if (state->pp) {                                                \
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            if (state->flush_start == state->rsi_buffer                 \
                && state->rsip > state->rsi_buffer) {                   \
                state->last_out = *state->rsi_buffer;                   \
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                                                                        \
                if (strm->flags & AEC_DATA_SIGNED) {                    \
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                    m = 1ULL << (strm->bits_per_sample - 1);            \
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                    /* Reference samples have to be sign extended */    \
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                    state->last_out = (state->last_out ^ m) - m;        \
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                }                                                       \
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                put_##KIND(strm, state->last_out);                      \
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                state->flush_start++;                                   \
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            }                                                           \
                                                                        \
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            data = state->last_out;                                     \
            if (strm->flags & AEC_DATA_SIGNED)                          \
                med = 0;                                                \
            else                                                        \
                med = (state->xmax - state->xmin) / 2 + 1;              \
                                                                        \
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            xmin = state->xmin;                                         \
            xmax = state->xmax;                                         \
                                                                        \
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            for (bp = state->flush_start; bp < flush_end; bp++) {       \
                d = *bp;                                                \
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                half_d = (d + 1) >> 1;                                  \
                                                                        \
                if (data < med) {                                       \
                    if (half_d <= data - xmin) {                        \
                        if (d & 1)                                      \
                            data -= half_d;                             \
                        else                                            \
                            data += half_d;                             \
                    } else {                                            \
                        data = xmin + d;                                \
                    }                                                   \
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                } else {                                                \
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                    if (half_d <= xmax - data) {                        \
                        if (d & 1)                                      \
                            data -= half_d;                             \
                        else                                            \
                            data += half_d;                             \
                    } else {                                            \
                        data = xmax - d;                                \
                    }                                                   \
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                }                                                       \
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                put_##KIND(strm, data);                                 \
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            }                                                           \
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            state->last_out = data;                                     \
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        } else {                                                        \
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            for (bp = state->flush_start; bp < flush_end; bp++)         \
                put_##KIND(strm, *bp);                                  \
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        }                                                               \
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        state->flush_start = state->rsip;                               \
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    }
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static inline void put_msb_32(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t data)
{
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 24;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 16;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 8;
    *strm->next_out++ = data;
}

static inline void put_msb_24(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t data)
{
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 16;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 8;
    *strm->next_out++ = data;
}

static inline void put_msb_16(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t data)
{
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 8;
    *strm->next_out++ = data;
}

static inline void put_lsb_32(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t data)
{
    *strm->next_out++ = data;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 8;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 16;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 24;
}

static inline void put_lsb_24(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t data)
{
    *strm->next_out++ = data;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 8;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 16;
}

static inline void put_lsb_16(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t data)
{
    *strm->next_out++ = data;
    *strm->next_out++ = data >> 8;
}

static inline void put_8(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t data)
{
    *strm->next_out++ = data;
}

FLUSH(msb_32);
FLUSH(msb_24);
FLUSH(msb_16);
FLUSH(lsb_32);
FLUSH(lsb_24);
FLUSH(lsb_16);
FLUSH(8);
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static inline void check_rsi_end(struct aec_stream *strm)
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{
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    /**
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       Flush output if end of RSI reached
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     */
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;
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    if (state->rsip - state->rsi_buffer == state->rsi_size) {
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        state->flush_output(strm);
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        state->flush_start = state->rsi_buffer;
        state->rsip = state->rsi_buffer;
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        if (strm->flags & AEC_PAD_RSI)
            state->bitp -= state->bitp % 8;
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    }
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}

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static inline void put_sample(struct aec_stream *strm, uint32_t s)
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{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    *state->rsip++ = s;
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    strm->avail_out -= state->bytes_per_sample;
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    check_rsi_end(strm);
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}

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static inline void fill_acc(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    int b = (63 - strm->state->bitp) >> 3;

    strm->avail_in -= b;
    strm->state->bitp += b << 3;
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    switch (b) {
      case (7):
        strm->state->acc = (strm->state->acc << 8) | *strm->next_in++;
      case (6):
        strm->state->acc = (strm->state->acc << 8) | *strm->next_in++;
      case (5):
        strm->state->acc = (strm->state->acc << 8) | *strm->next_in++;
      case (4):
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        strm->state->acc = (strm->state->acc << 8) | *strm->next_in++;
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      case (3):
        strm->state->acc = (strm->state->acc << 8) | *strm->next_in++;
      case (2):
        strm->state->acc = (strm->state->acc << 8) | *strm->next_in++;
      case (1):
        strm->state->acc = (strm->state->acc << 8) | *strm->next_in++;
    };

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}

static inline uint32_t direct_get(struct aec_stream *strm, unsigned int n)
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{
    /**
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       Get n bit from input stream
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       No checking whatsoever. Read bits are dumped.
     */

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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;
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    if (state->bitp < n)
        fill_acc(strm);
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    state->bitp -= n;
    return (state->acc >> state->bitp) & ((1ULL << n) - 1);
}

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static inline uint32_t direct_get_fs(struct aec_stream *strm)
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{
    /**
       Interpret a Fundamental Sequence from the input buffer.

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       Essentially counts the number of 0 bits until a 1 is
       encountered. The longest FS we can safely detect is 56 bits. If
       no FS is found in accumulator then we top it up to at least 56
       bits.
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     */

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    uint32_t fs = 0;
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;
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    state->acc &= ((1ULL << state->bitp) - 1);

    if (state->acc == 0)
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        fill_acc(strm);
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#ifdef HAVE_DECL___BUILTIN_CLZLL
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    fs = __builtin_clzll(state->acc) - (64 - state->bitp);
    state->bitp -= fs + 1;
#else
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    state->bitp--;
    while ((state->acc & (1ULL << state->bitp)) == 0) {
        state->bitp--;
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        fs++;
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    }
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#endif
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    return fs;
}

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static inline uint32_t bits_ask(struct aec_stream *strm, int n)
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{
    while (strm->state->bitp < n) {
        if (strm->avail_in == 0)
            return 0;
        strm->avail_in--;
        strm->state->acc <<= 8;
        strm->state->acc |= *strm->next_in++;
        strm->state->bitp += 8;
    }
    return 1;
}

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static inline uint32_t bits_get(struct aec_stream *strm, int n)
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{
    return (strm->state->acc >> (strm->state->bitp - n))
        & ((1ULL << n) - 1);
}

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static inline void bits_drop(struct aec_stream *strm, int n)
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{
    strm->state->bitp -= n;
}

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static inline uint32_t fs_ask(struct aec_stream *strm)
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{
    if (bits_ask(strm, 1) == 0)
        return 0;
    while ((strm->state->acc & (1ULL << (strm->state->bitp - 1))) == 0) {
        if (strm->state->bitp == 1) {
            if (strm->avail_in == 0)
                return 0;
            strm->avail_in--;
            strm->state->acc <<= 8;
            strm->state->acc |= *strm->next_in++;
            strm->state->bitp += 8;
        }
        strm->state->fs++;
        strm->state->bitp--;
    }
    return 1;
}

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static inline void fs_drop(struct aec_stream *strm)
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{
    strm->state->fs = 0;
    strm->state->bitp--;
}

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static inline uint32_t copysample(struct aec_stream *strm)
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{
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    if (bits_ask(strm, strm->bits_per_sample) == 0
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        || strm->avail_out == 0)
        return 0;
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    put_sample(strm, bits_get(strm, strm->bits_per_sample));
    bits_drop(strm, strm->bits_per_sample);
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    return 1;
}
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static int m_id(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    if (state->pp && state->rsip == state->rsi_buffer)
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        state->ref = 1;
    else
        state->ref = 0;

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    if (bits_ask(strm, state->id_len) == 0)
        return M_EXIT;
    state->id = bits_get(strm, state->id_len);
    bits_drop(strm, state->id_len);
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    state->mode = state->id_table[state->id];

    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_split_output(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;
    int k = state->id - 1;

    do {
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        if (bits_ask(strm, k) == 0 || strm->avail_out == 0)
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            return M_EXIT;
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        *state->rsip++ += bits_get(strm, k);
        strm->avail_out -= state->bytes_per_sample;
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        bits_drop(strm, k);
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    } while(++state->i < state->n);
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    check_rsi_end(strm);
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    state->mode = m_id;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_split_fs(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;
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    int k = state->id - 1;
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    do {
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        if (fs_ask(strm) == 0)
            return M_EXIT;
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        state->rsip[state->i] = state->fs << k;
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        fs_drop(strm);
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    } while(++state->i < state->n);
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    state->i = 0;
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    state->mode = m_split_output;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_split(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
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    int i, k;
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    if (BUFFERSPACE(strm)) {
        k = state->id - 1;

        if (state->ref)
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            *state->rsip++ = direct_get(strm, strm->bits_per_sample);
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        for (i = 0; i < strm->block_size - state->ref; i++)
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            state->rsip[i] = direct_get_fs(strm) << k;
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        for (i = state->ref; i < strm->block_size; i++)
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            *state->rsip++ += direct_get(strm, k);
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        strm->avail_out -= state->out_blklen;
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        check_rsi_end(strm);
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        state->mode = m_id;
        return M_CONTINUE;
    }

    if (state->ref) {
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        if (copysample(strm) == 0)
            return M_EXIT;
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        state->n = strm->block_size - 1;
    } else {
        state->n = strm->block_size;
    }

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    state->i = 0;
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    state->mode = m_split_fs;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_zero_output(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    do {
        if (strm->avail_out == 0)
            return M_EXIT;
        put_sample(strm, 0);
    } while(--state->i);
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    state->mode = m_id;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_zero_block(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
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    int i, zero_blocks, b, zero_bytes;
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    if (fs_ask(strm) == 0)
        return M_EXIT;
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    zero_blocks = state->fs + 1;
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    fs_drop(strm);
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    if (zero_blocks == ROS) {
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        b = (state->rsip - state->rsi_buffer) / strm->block_size;
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        zero_blocks = MIN(strm->rsi - b, 64 - (b % 64));
    } else if (zero_blocks > ROS) {
        zero_blocks--;
    }

    if (state->ref)
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        i = zero_blocks * strm->block_size - 1;
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    else
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        i = zero_blocks * strm->block_size;
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    zero_bytes = i * state->bytes_per_sample;
    if (strm->avail_out >= zero_bytes) {
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        memset(state->rsip, 0, i * sizeof(uint32_t));
        state->rsip += i;
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        strm->avail_out -= zero_bytes;
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        check_rsi_end(strm);
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        state->mode = m_id;
        return M_CONTINUE;
    }

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    state->i = i;
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    state->mode = m_zero_output;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_se_decode(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
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    int32_t m, d1;
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

    while(state->i < strm->block_size) {
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        if (fs_ask(strm) == 0)
            return M_EXIT;
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        m = state->fs;
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        d1 = m - state->se_table[2 * m + 1];
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        if ((state->i & 1) == 0) {
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            if (strm->avail_out == 0)
                return M_EXIT;
            put_sample(strm, state->se_table[2 * m] - d1);
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            state->i++;
        }

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        if (strm->avail_out == 0)
            return M_EXIT;
        put_sample(strm, d1);
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        state->i++;
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        fs_drop(strm);
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    }

    state->mode = m_id;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_se(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
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    int i;
    int32_t m, d1;
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    if (BUFFERSPACE(strm)) {
        i = state->ref;

        while (i < strm->block_size) {
            m = direct_get_fs(strm);
            d1 = m - state->se_table[2 * m + 1];

            if ((i & 1) == 0) {
                put_sample(strm, state->se_table[2 * m] - d1);
                i++;
            }
            put_sample(strm, d1);
            i++;
        }
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        state->mode = m_id;
        return M_CONTINUE;
    }

    state->mode = m_se_decode;
    state->i = state->ref;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_low_entropy_ref(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    if (state->ref && copysample(strm) == 0)
        return M_EXIT;
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    if(state->id == 1) {
        state->mode = m_se;
        return M_CONTINUE;
    }

    state->mode = m_zero_block;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_low_entropy(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    if (bits_ask(strm, 1) == 0)
        return M_EXIT;
    state->id = bits_get(strm, 1);
    bits_drop(strm, 1);
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    state->mode = m_low_entropy_ref;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_uncomp_copy(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    do {
        if (copysample(strm) == 0)
            return M_EXIT;
    } while(--state->i);
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    state->mode = m_id;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

static int m_uncomp(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
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    int i;
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;

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    if (BUFFERSPACE(strm)) {
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        for (i = 0; i < strm->block_size; i++)
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            *state->rsip++ = direct_get(strm, strm->bits_per_sample);
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        strm->avail_out -= state->out_blklen;
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        check_rsi_end(strm);
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        state->mode = m_id;
        return M_CONTINUE;
    }

    state->i = strm->block_size;
    state->mode = m_uncomp_copy;
    return M_CONTINUE;
}

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static void create_se_table(int *table)
{
    int i, j, k, ms;

    k = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < 13; i++) {
        ms = k;
        for (j = 0; j <= i; j++) {
            table[2 * k] = i;
            table[2 * k + 1] = ms;
            k++;
        }
    }
}

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int aec_decode_init(struct aec_stream *strm)
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{
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    int i, modi;
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    struct internal_state *state;
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    if (strm->bits_per_sample > 32 || strm->bits_per_sample == 0)
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        return AEC_CONF_ERROR;
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    state = malloc(sizeof(struct internal_state));
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    if (state == NULL)
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        return AEC_MEM_ERROR;
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    create_se_table(state->se_table);

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    strm->state = state;

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    if (strm->bits_per_sample > 16) {
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        state->id_len = 5;
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        if (strm->bits_per_sample <= 24 && strm->flags & AEC_DATA_3BYTE) {
            state->bytes_per_sample = 3;
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            if (strm->flags & AEC_DATA_MSB)
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                state->flush_output = flush_msb_24;
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            else
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                state->flush_output = flush_lsb_24;
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        } else {
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            state->bytes_per_sample = 4;
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            if (strm->flags & AEC_DATA_MSB)
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                state->flush_output = flush_msb_32;
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            else
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                state->flush_output = flush_lsb_32;
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        }
        state->out_blklen = strm->block_size
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            * state->bytes_per_sample;
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    }
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    else if (strm->bits_per_sample > 8) {
        state->bytes_per_sample = 2;
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        state->id_len = 4;
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        state->out_blklen = strm->block_size * 2;
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        if (strm->flags & AEC_DATA_MSB)
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            state->flush_output = flush_msb_16;
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        else
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            state->flush_output = flush_lsb_16;
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    } else {
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        if (strm->flags & AEC_RESTRICTED) {
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            if (strm->bits_per_sample <= 4) {
                if (strm->bits_per_sample <= 2)
                    state->id_len = 1;
                else
                    state->id_len = 2;
            } else {
                return AEC_CONF_ERROR;
            }
        } else {
            state->id_len = 3;
        }

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        state->bytes_per_sample = 1;
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        state->out_blklen = strm->block_size;
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        state->flush_output = flush_8;
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    }

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    if (strm->flags & AEC_DATA_SIGNED) {
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        state->xmin = -(1ULL << (strm->bits_per_sample - 1));
        state->xmax = (1ULL << (strm->bits_per_sample - 1)) - 1;
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    } else {
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        state->xmin = 0;
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        state->xmax = (1ULL << strm->bits_per_sample) - 1;
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    }
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    state->in_blklen = (strm->block_size * strm->bits_per_sample
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                        + state->id_len) / 8 + 9;
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    modi = 1UL << state->id_len;
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    state->id_table = malloc(modi * sizeof(int (*)(struct aec_stream *)));
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    if (state->id_table == NULL)
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        return AEC_MEM_ERROR;
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    state->id_table[0] = m_low_entropy;
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    for (i = 1; i < modi - 1; i++) {
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        state->id_table[i] = m_split;
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    }
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    state->id_table[modi - 1] = m_uncomp;
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    state->rsi_size = strm->rsi * strm->block_size;
    state->rsi_buffer = malloc(state->rsi_size * sizeof(uint32_t));
    if (state->rsi_buffer == NULL)
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        return AEC_MEM_ERROR;

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    strm->total_in = 0;
    strm->total_out = 0;

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    state->rsip = state->rsi_buffer;
    state->flush_start = state->rsi_buffer;
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    state->bitp = 0;
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    state->fs = 0;
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    state->pp = strm->flags & AEC_DATA_PREPROCESS;
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    state->mode = m_id;
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    return AEC_OK;
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}

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int aec_decode(struct aec_stream *strm, int flush)
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{
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    /**
       Finite-state machine implementation of the adaptive entropy
       decoder.

       Can work with one byte input und one sample output buffers. If
       enough buffer space is available, then faster implementations
       of the states are called. Inspired by zlib.
    */

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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;
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    strm->total_in += strm->avail_in;
    strm->total_out += strm->avail_out;

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    while (state->mode(strm) == M_CONTINUE);
    state->flush_output(strm);
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    strm->total_in -= strm->avail_in;
    strm->total_out -= strm->avail_out;

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    return AEC_OK;
}
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int aec_decode_end(struct aec_stream *strm)
{
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    struct internal_state *state = strm->state;
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    free(state->id_table);
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    free(state->rsi_buffer);
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    free(state);
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    return AEC_OK;
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}
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int aec_buffer_decode(struct aec_stream *strm)
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{
    int status;

    status = aec_decode_init(strm);
    if (status != AEC_OK)
        return status;

    status = aec_decode(strm, AEC_FLUSH);
    aec_decode_end(strm);
    return status;
}